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新课标英语课文佳句背诵与仿写 (必修篇)


来源:高中英语教学交流网 发布时间:2014-11-04 22:48:00 查看次数:

内容提要:[模仿要点]两个简单句合并成一句,很好地运用了插入语和符号来压缩句子。


必修一

Unit 1  Friendship

1.【原句】I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I've grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事情都无比狂热。

[模仿要点] 句子结构: wonder +if 表语从句 + so …that从句

【模仿1】我不知道是否因为我的卤莽使得史密夫先生对我这么生气。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:I wondered if it was because I was so rude that Mr Smith was so angry with me.

【模仿2】他在想是否因为她的朋友对她很关心所以她的心情才平复下来。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:He wonders whether it is because her friends are so concerned about her that she has calmed herself down.

2.【原句】I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. (定语从句) 我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空,鸟儿的歌唱,月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。自从我来到这里,这一切都变了。

[模仿要点] 句子结构: It is/was a time when …There is /was a time when…This/That is/was a    time when…

【模仿1】我还记得这对他来说是一个艰难的时期,他遭受到了身心的打击。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:I can well remember it was a hard time when he suffered a lot physically and mentally.

【模仿2】在中国历史上,曾经有过一段时期中国鼓励与世界其他国家进行贸易。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:In Chinese history, there was a time when China encouraged trade with the rest of the world.

 

3. 【原句】It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face. 这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚。

[模仿要点] 句子结构: It is/was the first (second…) time that sb + 现在完成时/过去完成时:这是某人第几次做某事

【模仿1】这是我们第一次面对面地谈论到这件事情。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:It is the first time that we have talked about this issue face to face.

【模仿2】这是他第二次参与怎样解决这个问题的讨论。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:It was the second time that he had joined in the discussion about how to do with the problem.

Unit 2  English around the world

1.【原句】With your partner, list the countries that use English as an official language.和你的同学一起列出把英语作为官方语言的国家。

【模仿1】请用这些词,造一个句子来描述你心中的想法。

____________________________________________________________________________

 答案:With these words, please make up a sentence that can describe what you feel in your mind. 

 【模仿2】他用了各种色彩,画一幅画显示了他家乡的变化。

____________________________________________________________________________

答案:With different colors, he painted a picture that showed the change of his hometown..

2.【原句】English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as south Africa. 在新加坡,马来西亚和非洲其他国家,比如南非,人们也说英语。

 [模仿要点] 列举三者以上事物的表达

【模仿1】下课后我喜欢去踢足球,打篮球和参加一些有趣的活动如唱歌跳舞

____________________________________________________________________________

答案:After class I like to play football and basketball and take part in some interesting activities such as dancing and singing.

【模仿2】在英国旅游期间,我们参考了博物馆,城堡和一些名胜如一些公园和花园。

____________________________________________________________________________

答案:During the tour in the UK, we visited museums, castles and some places of interest such as some parks and gardens.

Unit 3  Travel journal

1.【原句】It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 首先想到要沿着湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅游的是我的姐姐。

[模仿要点] 句子结构: 强调句 It is /was + 强调部分+ that/who…

【模仿1】正是树的绿荫保护我们免于太阳的照射,使我们精力更加充沛。   

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:It is the green shade from the trees that protect us from the sun, making us feel more energetic.

【模仿2】一直到奥运会在中国举行,世界才充分领略了中国文化的魅力。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:It is not until the 29th Olympic Games were hosted in China that the world completely experience the charm of Chinese culture.

 [模仿要点] 句子结构:定语从句where 的用法

【模仿3】他在他出生和成长的地方投资了一家车厂,年产10万汽车

__________________________________________________________________________答案:He invested a car factory where he was born and grew up, which produced 10,000 cars per year.

【模仿4】在很难找到食物的地方就没有什么鸟能长年栖息.

________________________________________________________________________

答案:Where food is hard to find, few birds remain throughout the year.

Unit 4  Earthquakes

1.【原句】But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep as usual that night. 但是,唐山市的一百万居民几乎都没有把这些情况当一回事,当天晚上照常睡着了。

[模仿要点] 句子结构:由which引导的非限制性定语从句

【模仿1】李宇春现象超越了她的声音,即使最狂热歌迷们也承认她的声音是非常弱的。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:The Li Yuchun phenomenon, however, goes far beyond her voice, which even the most ardent fans admit is pretty weak

【模仿2】据报道,心脏病和癌症成了中年人的头号杀手,这给我们敲响了警钟。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:It is reported that heart disease and cancer are now the top killers of middle-aged people in China, which give us a warming.

2.【原句】It was a city whose hospitals, 75% of its factories and buildings and 90% of its homes were gone. 所有的师内医院,75%的工厂和建筑物,90%的家园都消失了。

[模仿要点] 句子结构:数字+of which/whom 引导的非限制性定语从句

【模仿1】从七月上旬开始, 20天的干旱和高温 袭击了重庆的人们, 其中50% 的人们处于严重缺水状态。

________________________________________________________________________________________________答案:More than 20 days of drought and high temperatures since early July have hit the population of Chongqin, 50% of whom are in a state of a severe lack of water.

【模仿2】参加奥运会吉祥物竞选的参与者有662人,其中611人来自中国大陆,12人来自香港,澳门和台湾,39人来自国外。

________________________________________________________________________________________答案:There were 662 people who competed in the selection of Olympic mascots, of whom 611 were from the Chinese mainland, 12 from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and 39 from abroad.

Unit 5  Nelson Mandela- a modern hero

1. 【原句】 We were put in a position in which we had either to accept we were less important, or fight the Government.我们被置于这样一种境地,或者是被迫承认我们低人一等,或者是与政府作斗

【模仿1】你能想起让你尴尬的情形吗?

_______________________________________________________________________________答案:Can you think of a situation where you once felt embarrassed?

【模仿2】他迟到的原因令人难以置信。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:The reason why(= for which) he was late for school was unbelievable.

2. 【原句】Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. 只是在那时我们才决定以暴力对暴力。

【模仿1】昨天他父亲才把真相告诉他, 这对他真是个令人吃惊的消息。

_______________________________________________________________________________答案:Only yesterday did his father tell him the truth, which was a big surprise to him.

【模仿2】 他只有靠大声喊才能使河对岸的人们听到他的声音。

_______________________________________________________________________________答案:Only by shouting was he able to make people on the other side of the river hear him.

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