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100个常用不规则动词(带翻译)


来源:高中英语教学交流网 发布时间:2015-05-12 15:02:00 查看次数:

内容提要:英语中有许多不规则动词,它们不能简单通过加ed来获得过去式,你知道的这些不规则动词有哪些呢?看看下面的不规则动词变化大全,查漏补缺吧!


  1. A-A-A型(现在式、过去式和过去分词同形)

  read read read 读

  put put put 放下

  cost cost cost 花费

  cut cut cut 割,切

  hit hit hit 打

  let let let 让

  hurt hurt hurt 伤

  2. A-B-A型(现在式和过去分词同形)

  become became become 变

  come came come 来

  3. A-A-B型(现在式和过去式同形)

  beat beat beaten 打

  run ran run 跑

  4. A-B-B型

  (1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d或t构成过去式或过去分词。

  hear heard heard 听见

  burn burnt burnt 燃烧

  learn learnt learnt 学习

  mean meant meant 意思

  (2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母d改为t构成过去式或过去分词。

  build built built 建筑

  lend lent lent 借给

  send sent sent 送

  lose lost lost 失去

  spend spent spent 花费

  (3)其他

  pay paid paid 付

  lay laid laid 下蛋

  say said said 说

  bring brought brought 带来

  buy bought bought 买

  think thought thought 想

  sleep slept slept 睡

  keep kept kept 保持

  sweep swept swept 扫

  stand stood stood 站

  understand understood understood 明白

  win won won 得胜

  shine shone shone 发光

  catch caught caught 抓住

  teach taught taught 教

  feel felt felt 觉得

  fight fought fought 战斗

  find found found 发现

  get got gotten 得到

  hang hung hung挂

  hang hanged hanged 绞死

  have had had 有

  hold held held 盛,握

  leave left left 离开

  make made made 制造

  meet met met 遇见

  sell sold sold 卖

  shoot shot shot 射击

  tell told told 告诉

  smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled 嗅,闻

  sit sat sat 坐

  dig dug dug 挖

  5. A-B-C型(现在式、过去式和过去分词都不相同)

  (1)在动词原形后加-n或-en构成过去分词。

  eat ate eaten 吃

  fall fell fallen 落下

  steal stole stolen 偷

  give gave given 给

  freeze froze frozen 冻结

  take took taken 拿

  see saw seen 看见

  write wrote written 写

  ride rode ridden 骑

  drive drove driven 驾驶

  throw threw thrown 抛,扔

  blow blew blown 吹

  grow grew grown 生长

  know knew known 知道

  fly flew flown 飞

  draw drew drawn 拉,绘画

  show showed shown 展示

  (2)过去式加-n或-en构成过去分词。

  speak spoke spoken 说话

  break broke broken 破碎,折断

  wake waked/waked woke/waken 醒

  choose chose chosen 选择

  forget forgot forgotten 忘记

  (3)变单词在重读音节中的元音字母i分别为a(过去式)和u(过去分词)。

  begin began begun 开始

  ring rang rung 按铃

  sing sang sung 唱

  sink sank sunk 沉

  swim swam swum 游泳

  drink drank drunk 饮

  (4)其他不规则动词的变化。

  be(am, is) was/ were been 是

  be(are) were been 是

  do did done 做

  go went gone 去

  lie lay lain 躺

  wear wore worn 穿

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