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来源:网络转载 发布时间:2015-09-09 17:03:38 查看次数:

例如:I have many letters to type.(动宾关系)
→I have many letters which I should type.
I have many letters to be typed.(被动主谓关系)
→I havemanyletterswhich areto be typed by other.
The standing people shouted at the dean.(主谓关系)
例如:Mother got up early to catch the early bus.(目的状语)
→Mother got叩early 80 as to(i.order to)catch the early bus.
→Mother got up early 80 that(in order that)she migllt catchthe early bus.
【注意】80 as to和80 that不可放在句首。
She is too young to join the army.(结果状语)
She is 80 young tllat she cannot ioin the army.
例如:Seeing those pictures.he couldn't help thinking of the unforgettable days in New York.(时间状语)
→When he saw those pictures.he eouldn"t help thinking of the unforgettable days in New Y0rk.
例如:When and where(for.8)to hold the meeting is unknown yet.
→When and where We'will hold the meeting is unknoen yet.
例如:I don't know what to do with the matter.
→I don't know what I should do with the matter.
例如:IVlywish is to become a pilot after graduation.
→My wish is that I can become a pilot after graduation.
例如:The meeting to be held tomolTow is ofgreat importance.
→The meeting that/which will be held is ofgreat importance.
例如:They Started off early in order to(so as to)arrive in time.
→They started of early in order that(so that)they could arrive in time.
例如:Tom’s knowing English helps him in learning French.
→That Tom knowsEnglish help him inlearningFrench.
例如:Il'elnember having paid himforhiswork.
→I rememberthatI have paid himfor hiswork.
例如:Our worry is your depending too much on him.
→Our worry is that you depend too much on him.
(三) 1分词与从句之间的转换
例如:The man talking to my teacher is my father.
→The man who/that is talking to my teacher is my father.
例如:Wllile waiting for the bus-I caught sight ofher.
→whlile I was waiting for the bus.I caught sight ofher.
例如:I found him waiting for a bus at the station.
→I found that he was waiting for a bus at the station.
4.分词在句中作伴随或结果状语时。相当于一个并列句。也可和 tII结构转换。
例如:He died,leaving his daughter much money.
→He died,and he)left his daughter much money.
例如:The shower being over,we continued our joumey.
→When the shower was over.we continued our journey.
例如:Au the tickets having been sold out,they went away disappointed .
→As all the tickets had been sold out,they went away disanppo inted .
例如:All things considered,her paper is better than yours.
→If all things are considered.her paper is better than yours.
例如:He went to the front door.his students following him.(=He went to the front door,folowed by his students.)
→He went to the front door.an d his students followed
例如:Mother being ill in bed.I Can't go to scho1.
→As Mother is iu in bed.I can 't go to schoo1.
例如:Hewent away,and not awordwas spoken.
→He went away.without a word spoken.
例如:Judging from his face.he must be ill.
→If we judge from his face,he must be ill.
I. v-ing 形式与从句之间的转换
1. v-ing形式作主语可换成that引导的主语从句
Tom's knowing English helps him in learning French. That _________ helps him in learning English.
Her being out of work was unexpected. _____________________ was unexpected.
2. v-ing形式作宾语或宾补可换成that引导的宾语从句
I remember having paid him for his work.   I remember that___________________.
He suggests our making better use of the school library.   He suggests _________________________.
3. v-ing形式作表语可换成that引导的表语从句
Our worry is your depending too much on him.   Our worry is that ___________________
The question is many people's being trapped in the fire.   The question is _______________________.
4. v-ing形式作定语可换成that, who, which引导的定语从句
We will study in the house facing south.   We will study in the house that / which____________
The man talking to my teacher is my father.   The man __________________ is my father.
5. v-ing形式作状语可换成相应状语从句
On arriving there, I will telephone you.   ____________________, I will telephone you.
While waiting for the bus, I caught sight of her.   __________________, I caught sight of her.
He died, leaving his daughter much money.   He died, and (he) __________________.
II. V-ed形式与从句之间的转换
1. v-ed形式作定语可换成定语从句
The question discussed yesterday is very important.   The question that / which ______is very important.
The boy lost in thought is my brother.   The boy _______________is my brother.
2. v-ed形式作宾补可换成宾语从句
I found the room broken into and a lot of things stolen.   I found (that) ___________ and ____________
3. v-ed形式作状语可换成状语从句
(If) heated, water will turn into steam.  ________________, water will turn into steam.
Don't speak until spoken to.   Don't speak _____________________
III. to do形式与从句的转换
1. to do形式作主语可转换成主语从句
When and where (for us) to hold the meeting is unknown yet. When and where _________ is unknown yet.
They seemed to be eating something cooked on the fire.   It seemed ______________________
2. to do形式作宾语或宾补可换成宾语从句
I don't know what to do with the matter.   I don't know ______________
I warned him not to drive the car after drinking.   I warned _______________________.
3. to do形式作表语可换成表语从句
My wish is to become a pilot after graduation.   My wish is ________________________.
My only worry was for her not to have enough experience in it.  My only worry was________________
4. to do形式作定语可换成定语从句
The meeting to be held tomorrow is of great importance.   The meeting ________ is of great importance.
He was the first to arrive and the last to leave.   He was the first__________ and the last__________
5. to do形式作目的、结果、原因状语可转换成相应的状语从句
They started off early in order / so as to arrive in time.   They started off early____________________
She was so excited as not to go to sleep. She was too excited to go to sleep. She was___ excited ________

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